Envisioning a World Beyond APCs/BPCs

Juan Pablo Alperin portrait

JUAN PABLO ALPERIN (@juancommander) - livestream panelist

Bio: Juan Pablo Alperin is an Assistant Professor in the Publishing Program and a Associate Director of Research with the Public Knowledge Project at Simon Fraser University. He is a multi-disciplinary scholar that uses computational techniques, surveys, and interviews to investigate ways of raising the scientific quality, global impact, and public use of scholarly work. He is an active scholar in both the open access and altmetrics (social media metrics) communities, having received numerous invitations to speak, and publish on these topics, both in North and Latin America, and has contributed a combination of conceptual, methodological, and empirical peer-reviewed articles and presentations, as well as edited two volumes, and authored several book chapters on issues of scholarly communications in developing regions.​

Current work: ​Dr. Alperin is best known as a leading voice on issues of developing regions to the scholarly community through a combination of published research, presentations, and membership in the scientific advisory board of major Latin American open access initiatives. In his recent work, Dr. Alperin has focused on studying the public reach and impact of research, having shown the diverse non-academic public that reads and engages with Latin American open access resources. However, he also has a broad range of active research projects, including one to study how social media can be used to uncover the societal impact of research and one to study how openness and public engagement are being rewarded in the review, promotion and tenure process. As part of his work with the Public Knowledge Project, Dr. Alperin has also been involved in the creation of the award-winning Open Journal Systems, which is currently used by over 10,000 journals around the world.​


Ivy Anderson portrait

IVY ANDERSON (@ivyleander) - livestream panelist

Bio: Ivy Anderson is the Director of Collection Development and Management at the California Digital Library (CDL), where she oversees a broad range of shared collections activities on behalf of the ten campuses of the University of California system. Between October 2015 and May 2016, Anderson also served as Interim Executive Director of the CDL. Before coming to the CDL in December 2005, Anderson was Program Manager for E-Resource Management and Licensing at the Harvard University Library, where she developed and managed a shared licensing program on behalf of Harvard’s many libraries. Prior to 1998, Anderson served as Head of Information Systems at the Brandeis University Libraries. She holds a B.A. in Music from New York University and an M.L.S. from Simmons College. Prior to beginning her library career, Anderson pursued doctoral studies in music history and theory at Brandeis University.​

OA Focus: I come to open access through the prism of library collections and content licensing, which I’ve always considered inseparable from scholarly communications advocacy. One focus of my work has been developing license language to address open access concerns, including model author rights language and open access reporting to monitor hybrid OA activity (both clauses can be found in the LibLicense Model Agreement). As a collections director, I have nurtured numerous experiments to transform the literature to OA; from piloting an early OA offsetting agreement with Springer to organizing UC’s participation in SCOAP3, on whose executive committee I serve, to championing new OA initiatives (for example as an early financial supporter of Knowledge Unlatched and Reveal Digital, organizing the transfer of financial support from the Elsevier journal Lingua to its new competitor Glossa, and as a recently-appointed advisory board member of the Libraria project). Through active participation in the International Coalition of Library Consortia as well as my SCOAP3 work, I have close working relationships with international colleagues working to establish open access arrangements in Europe and elsewhere. Most recently, I was co-PI on the CDL-UC Davis Pay It Forward project investigating the sustainability of a flip of the journal literature to OA under an APC model, work that we’re currently seeking to advance. My observation of the OA landscape as well as our work on Pay It Forward has convinced me that making open access a reality will require all of these approaches—APCs as well as cooperatives and other transformative models. And while I would love to see the cost of scholarly communication come down, I’m also a pragmatist who believes that open access will not happen on a large scale unless we flip the existing literature; that the value of open is the more important virtue; and that investing in a broad transition will result in more and not less freedom to innovate. This is precisely the point of view behind the OA2020 initiative; and if U.S. libraries get behind it, we can create a tipping point to drive global change. Of course, the devil is in the details; there are many paths forward.​


Arianna Becerril Garcia portrait

ARIANNA BECERRIL GARCIA (@ariannabec) - livestream panelist

Bio: Technology and Innovation Director in Redalyc. Mexican. Ph.D. in Computer Sciences from "Tecnológico de Monterrey", Mexico. Master in Computer Sciences from the same institution and Computer Engineer from the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico (UAEM). She is member of the founding team of the Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal (redalyc.org) and full time professor-researcher in the UAEM. She is also member of the International Advisory Board of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) and co-founder of the Mexican Network of Institutional Repositories (REMERI). She has published numerous papers in research journals as well as three books. She has participated in more than 40 national and international conferences. Her research topics are open access, interoperability technologies, visibility of science, semantic web and linked data. Her recent works and international conferences are "Semantic approach to context-aware resource discovery over scholarly content structured with OAI-PMH", Computación y Sistemas (Mexico, 2016); “The Open Access Model in Latin America”, COASP (Washington, DC, 2016); “Redalyc – ORCID integration: Inserting Latin-American authors in the global scientific conversation”, ORCID (Washington, DC, 2016); "Iberoamérica en la Ciencia de Corriente Principal (Thomson Reuters / Scopus): Una Región Fragmentada", Interciencia (Venezuela, 2014); Informe sobre la Producción Científica de México en Revistas Iberoamericanas de Acceso Abierto en Ciencias Sociales, Arte y Humanidades dentro de la base de datos redalyc.org, 2005-2011, Mexican Council of Social Sciences (Mexico, 2014); "Open Access, Open Education and Open Data", OpenCon, (Washington, DC, 2014).

Projects: I have been dedicated to the creation and consolidation of the Network of Scientific Journals from Latin America, the Caribbean, Spain and Portugal -Redalyc.org- since the project’s beginning fourteen years ago, in the areas of technologies, data management, software development, scientometrics and international collaboration. Redalyc.org is a Scientific Information System that indexes 1.200 Open Access peer reviewed selected journals published by more than 500 institutions from 22 countries with a growing collection of more than half-million full-text articles. Redalyc’s mission is to improve the visibility, quality and impact of journals in the region. Redalyc also acts as a meta-publisher as it provides tools for article’s XML tagging and generates automatically enriched reading formats as EPUB, XML JATS4R, mobile readers, HTML and PDF. One of our main goals is to strengthen the research communication system in Latin America framed in an editorial tradition of Open Access Non-APC scholarly-led publishing. We have participated not only in the Gold Open Access but also in the green one through the foundation of the Mexican Network of Institutional Repositories (REMERI), along with other five universities in Mexico. We also took part in the conception of both the Mexican Open Access Legislation in 2014 and in the Open Access Mandate in the Autonomous University of the State of Mexico.


Josh Bolick portrait

JOSH BOLICK (@JoshBolick) - livestream respondent & facilitator

Bio: Josh Bolick is the Scholarly Communication Librarian in the David Shulenburger Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright in KU Libraries. From 2013-2015, he worked in the Florida State University Libraries' Office of Scholarly Communication, now the Office of Digital Research & Scholarship, as Scholarly Communication Assistant. He received his MLIS from FSU in 2013, and BA from the University of North Carolina Wilmington in 2008. Josh recently became a presenter for the Open Textbook Network and served on the 2016 Open Access Week Advisory Board. He is interested in the transformation of academic publishing through open access, open education, author's rights, and institutional repositories.


Raym Crow portrait

RAYM CROW (@RaymCrow) - livestream respondent

Bio: Raym Crow has over 30 years’ experience in academic and scholarly publishing, specializing in strategic business planning and practical sustainability models for open access journals, monographs, digital humanities projects, and infrastructure services. Since 2002, he has been Senior Consultant for SPARC, where he has focused on collective models to support the provision of open access resources. In addition to his work with SPARC, Crow is managing partner of Chain Bridge Group, an independent consultancy to scholarly and professional societies, university presses, academic libraries, philanthropic foundations, and other nonprofit publishers.​

Current Project (Collective Funding Design Principles): Despite the philosophical appeal of collective funding models, practical success in implementing them has been limited. The non-excludability of open resources creates challenges in funding their provision, as non-excludability manifests itself as the collective action or “free-rider” problem. Many of the initiatives that appeal to some form of collective funding have been framed without reference to key issues relating to the theory and practice of collective action. Developing viable collective funding models for open resources, however, requires a systematic exploration of these issues, which include group size and composition, selective incentives, resource demand and value, coordinating mechanisms, institutional design and governance, and scale economies and network effects. We are currently examining the practical implications of these issues for the design of collective funding models. This work will advance collective funding by:1) Developing best practice guidelines to inform the design of collective sustainability projects, thus reducing duplicative planning effort and increasing the probability of success. 2) Providing a framework for evaluating the viability of individual collective funding initiatives. 3) Informing the creation of a coordinated, global network capable of accelerating and expanding participation in collective funding actions, while delivering scale economies for individual initiatives. The research will benefit individual collective funding projects, while encouraging the design of a networked approach to the collective support of open resources.​


Ada Emmett portrait

ADA EMMETT (@adaemmett) - livestream respondent & facilitator

Bio: Ada Emmett, MLIS, has been a librarian at the University of Kansas (KU) since 2002 and was tenured in 2007, promoted to full professor equivalent, Librarian in 2015. She began as a chemistry and bioscience librarian but found her calling in scholarly communication work. She is the Director of the University of Kansas Libraries’ David Shulenburger Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright.

OA Emphasis: Emmett has been committed to contributing to change in the scholarly communication since her graduate study days. She joined the University of Kansas in 2002, drawn, in part by provost David Shulenburger’s writings on reforming the scholarly communication system. In 2008, Emmett played a significant role at KU in planning and executing the approach taken by the university faculty senate to develop a KU open access policy and a significant leadership role on faculty senate committees in drafting, vetting, and then passage of the policy in 2009. Emmett successfully led the KU faculty senate OA Implementation Task force in 2009-2010 which sought approval for revisions to the OA policy and development of an implementation plan. In her current position as the Director of the David Shulenburger Office of Scholarly Communication & Copyright she leads ongoing implementation of the OA policy, outreach, rights issues related to authorship and classroom sharing, and presents regularly to faculty and graduate students. She has co-authored several pieces on the evolving OA publishing system bringing concerns of the global south into the conversation. Emmett regularly consults informally with schools around the country working on developing, passing, and later implementing OA policies and has presented nationally and internationally on open access issues. She is committed to contributing to and facilitating conversations with global partners that consider the future of scholarly publishing through equity and social justice lens.


Martin Eve portrait

MARTIN PAUL EVE (@martin_eve) - livestream panelist
(c) Birkbeck Media Services / Dominic Mifsud

​Bio: Professor Martin Paul Eve is Chair of Literature, Technology and Publishing at Birkbeck, University of London.

OA Involvement: Martin is a founder and CEO of the Open Library of Humanities, a gold open-access publisher based on a funding model of consortial payments instead of APCs. Over 200 libraries or universities around the world support the OLH year-on-year with financial contributions. The distributed nature of the OLH funding system worked out, in the first year, to cost just $1.10 per institution per article or $0.008 per institution per reader. Martin is also well known for his writings and community participation around open access in the humanities. He is the author of the open-access Cambridge University Press monograph, Open Access and the Humanities. Martin also appeared before the UK House of Commons Select Committee BIS Inquiry into Open Access, has written for the British Academy Policy Series on the topic, and is or was a steering-group member of the OAPEN-UK project, the Jisc National Monograph Strategy Group, the SCONUL Strategy Group on Academic Content and Communications, the Open Knowledge Foundation’s Open Access Steering Group, the Jisc Scholarly Communications Advisory Group, the Collaborative Knowledge Foundation advisory board, the California Digital Library/University of California Press’s Humanities Book Infrastructure advisory board, and the HEFCE Open Access Monographs Expert Reference panel (2014).


Kathleen Fitzpatrick portrait

KATHLEEN FITZPATRICK (@kfitz) - livestream panelist​

Bio: Kathleen Fitzpatrick is Associate Executive Director and Director of Scholarly Communication of the Modern Language Association, where she serves as Managing Editor of PMLA and other MLA publications, and where she is currently leading the developing of Humanities Commons, an open interdisciplinary scholarly network. She holds an appointment as Visiting Research Professor of English at NYU. She is author of Planned Obsolescence: Publishing, Technology, and the Future of the Academy (NYU Press, 2011) and of The Anxiety of Obsolescence: The American Novel in the Age of Television (Vanderbilt University Press, 2006). She is co-founder of the digital scholarly network MediaCommons, where she led a number of experiments in open peer review and other innovations in scholarly publishing.​

Current work: The MLA is currently leading the development of Humanities Commons, a multi-disciplinary, scholarly-society-managed network for open scholarly collaboration and communication. Humanities Commons will bring together a rich set of social networking functions with a library-quality repository, enabling members not only to deposit and preserve the many kinds of research and teaching objects that they produce, but also to share them with other members of the community. Humanities Commons will be available in public beta in late November, at which time any interested scholar, researcher, student, or practitioner will be able to establish an account, create a profile, and share their work with the world. HC members who are also members of one or more of our participating scholarly societies — the Modern Language Association, the Association for Jewish Studies, the Association for Slavic, East European, and Eurasian Studies, and the College Art Association — will be able to access their societies’ discussions and resources with a single sign-on. Over the next five years, we will expand the number and range of participating societies in order to ensure the network’s full sustainability.​


Joanna Gillette portrait

JOANNA GILLETTE (@jgillette711) - livestream respondent

Bio: Joanna Gillette is Product Education Manager at Allen Press, Inc. in Lawrence, KS. She has been with the company since 2006. Joanna began her tenure in Account Management, overseeing a broad spectrum of services for her clients. In 2010, she became Product Marketing Manager, focusing mainly on peer review, online publishing and association management services. She consulted with customers and prospects to determine which specific products and services were necessary to create a cohesive workflow for each client. In this role, she also organized and hosted Allen Press’ annual Best Practices and Innovative Solutions webinar series and served as the editor for the Allen Press newsletter, FrontMatter. Both of these projects aim to provide educational resources for the scholarly and society-based publishers that represent a significant portion of Allen Press’ customer base. Joanna began serving as Product Education Manager in 2016. In this role, she is responsible for the management and promotion of the complete portfolio of Allen Press products and services. Joanna works with both open access and subscription-based publishers. She has experience with a wide variety of publishing models, including those with diverse distribution methods, funding sources, access options and workflows. Joanna has a passion for ink on paper, but she also loves to help clients tell their story in ways that resonate beyond the printed page.​


Marc Greenberg portrait

MARC L. GREENBERG (@marek4) - livestream respondent

Bio: Marc L. Greenberg is Director of the School of Languages, Literatures & Cultures and Professor of Slavic linguistics at the University of Kansas. 

OA Involvement: Greenberg was co-founder of two of the first platinum open-access journals in the field of Slavic linguistics, Slovenski jezik / Slovene Linguistic Studies and Slavia Centralis. He served on numerous task forces and committees to formulate and implement the faculty-driven open-access policy at the University of Kansas and worked with a team of collaborators on essays and papers addressing equity and access in global scholarly communication, published in the US, as well as Russia and Eastern Europe. In 2012 he served as a delegate to the Berlin 10 Conference in Stellenbosch, South Africa. With Ada Emmett he has given numerous workshops on open access and research visibility for faculty and graduate students, both at KU and at other universities in the US and Europe. He is a co-recipient of the first David Shulenburger Award for Advocacy and Innovation in Scholarly Communication (2014). He serves on the editorial board of Naučnaja periodika: problemy i rešenija (Scholarly Publication: Problems and Solutions), Moscow.


Jean-Claude Guedon portrait

JEAN-CLAUDE GUEDON (@jcdrg) - livestream panelist

Bio: After a B. Sc in chemistry and a doctorate in history of science, Jean-Claude Guédon began his teaching career at York University in Toronto in 1970 and moved to the Université de Montréal in 1973 where he still teaches. He was one of the three laureates of the Charles-Hélou Prize for French-speaking countries in 1996, “Leiter Lecturer” at the U.S. National Library of Medicine in 1998 and he was awarded a prize from the Canadian Association for Computers and the Humanities in 2005. In 1991, with Bill Readings, he founded the first Canadian scholarly electronic journal which lasted ten years (Surfaces). Co-Chair of the Programme Committee for the Inet meetings of the Internet Society in 1996 (Montreal), 1998 (Geneva) and 2000 (Yokohama). Member of the Steering Committee for the Canadian National Site Licence Project (now known as CRKN) from 1998 until 2002, and simultaneously Chair of the Advisory Board of CNSLP. Member of the Communication Sub-Board of the Open Society Foundations from 2002 until 2006. Vice-President of the Canadian Federation of the Humanities and Social Science from 2006 until 2008. Trustee of the Nexa Center for Internet and Society of the Politecnico of Turin in Italy since 2010. Expert for the European Commission since 2008. The author of well over 100 articles and three books, he has been invited more than 400 times to give talks all over the world. He was part of the Budapest meeting in November 2001 that gave rise to the Budapest Open Access Initiative of 2002.

OA Focus: I have been involved with Open Access with my electronic journal, Surfaces, starting in 1991. I have had the privilege of attending the meeting that led to the Budapest Open Access Initiative in February 2002. I also joined the Information Sub-Board of the Open Society Institute in 2002: it was in charge of promoting and financing the open access agenda. I take the long view. I see OA as a derivative of the digitization of our culture(s). Within the OA community, I believe the Green and the Gold roads should converge. The evaluation of researchers through the impact factors of journals is one of the main obstacles to OA. It is also an excellent device to exclude most scholarly and scientific journals in the world. I support OA for areas of knowledge sometimes neglected by OA communities: the humanities, the social sciences, open access in developing and emerging nations. I am concerned by the ability of a few large publishers to embrace OA while shaping it so as to preserve their economic privileges. I am concerned by the business model based on APCs: it can intensify cognitive injustice in the world, while easing the rise of pseudo-journals.


lorrain haricombe portrait

LORRAINE J. HARICOMBE - livestream panelist

Bio: Lorraine Haricombe is the Vice Provost and Director of the University of Texas Libraries at the University of Texas at Austin where she has served since February 2015. She has previously served as Dean of the University of Kansas Libraries (2006-14), where she was Provost’s designate for implementing the Open Access policy at KU, the first public university in the USA where faculty adopted an institutional policy on Open Access. She also served as dean of Libraries at Bowling Green State University (2001-2006). Haricombe previously held leadership positions as president of the Greater Western Library Alliance (GWLA) and the PubMed Central Advisory Board. She serves as chair of the Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC) and is a member of the Board of Directors for the Association of Research Libraries. She is chair of the Texas Digital Libraries Governing Board. Haricombe holds doctoral and master’s degrees in library and information science from the University of Illinois in Urbana-Champaign and a B.Bibl. degree from the University of the Western Cape in South Africa.

OA Focus: My work and advocacy for “openness” are rooted in my experience as a library director on two continents: in South Africa during a time of censorship, boycotts and sanctions and in the USA, where libraries embrace their democratizing and globalizing potential. My experience at the University of Kansas combined with membership in SPARC have been helpful in designing strategies to raise awareness and to lead efforts around the open agenda locally, regionally, nationally and internationally. At the University of Texas at Austin the open agenda is rooted in: 1) supporting OA publishing models 2) advocating for green OA in Texas ScholarWorks, UT’s institutional repository 3) partnering with the Vice President of Research Office to ensure compliance with public access policies from US federal agencies 4) publishing and archiving datasets in the Texas Data Repository; and 5) supporting students’ increasing advocacy for open educational resources. Nationally, my experience in founding COAPI (described in the CHE of 3/14/2103 as a “revolutionary democratizing force”) continues to inspire my efforts regionally to build community around the open agenda at the University of Texas System level. Internationally, my commitment to support SPARC Africa is in response to the serious need of access to scholarly content by the African research community.


April Hathcock portrait

APRIL HATHCOCK (@AprilHathcock) - livestream respondent

Bio & OA Focus: April Hathcock is the scholarly communications librarian at NYU, where she educates the campus community on issues of ownership, access, and rights in the research lifecycle. Before entering librarianship, she practiced intellectual property and antitrust law for a global private firm. Her research interests include diversity and inclusion in librarianship, cultural creation and exchange, and the ways in which social and legal infrastructures benefit the works of certain groups over others.






Neil Jacobs portrait

NEIL JACOBS (@njneilj) - livestream panelist

Bio: Dr Neil Jacobs is Head of Scholarly Communications Support at Jisc in the UK.  In this role, he is responsible for a range of work that enables UK universities to implement Open Access efficiently and effectively, reflecting the policies of UK Government and (inter)national research funders.  He is also involved in Jisc’s negotiations with publishers to transition to Open Access without excessive cost to universities.  He maintains close ties with UK research funders, libraries, research managers and domain experts, as well as with international networks.  Neil has been working on Open Access for well over 10 years, and in the library and information profession for over 20 years, covering policy, economic, technical and organisational aspects of scholarly communication.

OA Focus: Jisc is the UK agency responsible for the national IT infrastructure and negotiations with publishers on behalf of universities.  It therefore has a key role in implementing OA in the UK, which it undertakes through: provision of services such as Sherpa/RoMEO and CORE (the global aggregation of 4m OA research outputs), as well as newer monitoring, reporting and notification services, and OA Button; pioneering offset deals with journal publishers to constrain the costs of APC-based Gold OA; national arrangements to support novel models such as Open Library of the Humanities, PeerJ, Knowledge Unlatched and SCOAP3; thought leadership, for example on the state of the journals market; contributing to the development of standards and best practices; research into such issues as OA monographs, the value of text-mining, and the economics of OA; and support for the community of university professionals implementing OA locally, including via repositories. Jisc is active in the UK national policy community, including the four working groups being established on administrative efficiencies, service standards in Gold OA, repositories and monographs.  Jisc is also active internationally, for example in the Berlin conferences, in the Open Scholarship Initiative, COAR, OpenAIRE, and in attempting to set up an international mechanism to sustain global OA services. While the UK policy position remains in favour of APC-based Gold OA as a destination, there are many ways to get there, and Jisc strongly supports innovation and creativity in addressing the serious challenges on the journey.


Heather Joseph portrait

HEATHER JOSEPH (@hjoseph) - livestream panelist

Bio: Heather Joseph serves as SPARC’s Executive Director, leading the strategic and operational activities of the organization. She has focused SPARC’s efforts on supporting new models for the open sharing of digital articles, data and educational resources. Under her stewardship, SPARC has become widely recognized as the leading international force for effective open access policies and practices. A firm believer in collective action, she has bolstered SPARC’s mission through the development and leadership of effective coalitions. She convenes the Alliance for Taxpayer Access and the Open Access Working Group, broad coalitions of university, library, advocacy, and consumer groups that promote U.S. open access policies, including the landmark National Institutes for Health (NIH) public access policy and the recent White House Directive. She is proud to have supported the creation and launch of SPARC’s student Right to Research Coalition, an international coalition that represents nearly seven million students worldwide. Prior to joining SPARC, Heather spent 15 years as a publishing executive in both commercial and not-for-profit organizations. She was the publisher of the first journal to commit its full content to the NIH’s pioneering open access repository, PubMed Central, and subsequently served on the National Advisory Committee for this initiative. She is an active participant on committees in U.S. federal agencies, and was recently appointed to the Commerce Data Advisory Council, which provides input to the Secretary of Commerce on open data, as well as the Open Data Transition team, tasked with creating open data policy recommendations for the incoming Presidential Administration. Heather also serves on the Board of Directors of key non-profit organizations supporting the open sharing knowledge, including DuraSpace, EIFL, the Center for Open Science, and ImpactStory.

OA Work: I’m fortunate to have built my entire career around promoting “open” as the default for communicating research. From my very first job as a journal publisher tasked with building a prototype electronic journal in astronomy, to becoming the first publisher to put the content of my journal in the NIH’s PubMed Central repository, to leading national advocacy campaigns lobbying for open access to taxpayer funded research, my focus has centered squarely on increasing the accessibility and utility of the outputs of research. My efforts are grounded in the belief that promoting open access to these materials will deliver direct and tangible benefits throughout society – democratizing access to knowledge, accelerating discovery, and enhancing our collective understanding of the world around us. We’ve made good strides towards creating the technical, legal and policy foundation to support a transition to a world where open is the default, and a key focus for me right now is understanding the cultural/behavioral barriers that are keeping individuals from adopting “open” as the default, and creating strategies to address this.​


Rebecca Kennison portrait

REBECCA KENNISON (@rrkennison) - livestream panelist

Bio & OA Focus: Rebecca Kennison is the Principal of K|N Consultants and the co-founder of the Open Access Network (OAN). Officially launched in 2015, the OAN offers a transformative, sustainable, and scalable model of OA publishing and preservation that encourages partnerships among scholarly societies, research libraries, publishers, and other partners who share a common mission both to support the creation and distribution of open research and scholarship and to encourage more affordable education. The ultimate goal of the OAN is to develop a collective funding approach that is fair and open and that fully sustains the infrastructure needed to support the full life-cycle for communication of the scholarly record, including new and evolving forms of research output. Prior to working full time at K|N, Rebecca was the founding director of the Center for Digital Research and Scholarship, a division of the Columbia University Libraries, where she was responsible for developing programs to facilitate scholarly research and the communication of that research through technology solutions. Rebecca has worked primarily in the scholarly publishing industry, including production leadership roles at Cell Press (now Elsevier), Blackwell Publishing (now Wiley), and the Public Library of Science (PLOS), where she was the very first employee.


Robert Kieft portrait

ROBERT KIEFT - livestream facilitator

Bio: Prior his retirement in 2015, Kieft worked at the libraries of Stanford University (1970-1988), Haverford College (1988-2008), and Occidental College (2008-2015). He was active in the RUSA division of ALA, from which he received the Isadore Gilbert Mudge Award in 2012. He was General Editor of ALA’s Guide to Reference from 2000-2009 and has published articles and reviews in numerous journals as well as chapters in Shared Collections: Collaborative Stewardship and Rethinking Collection Development and Management. He has pursued an interest in shared collections in the Tri-College Consortium, Philadelphia Consortium of Special Collections Libraries, Pennsylvania Academic Library Consortium, Inc., Modern Language Association of America, CRL’s Print Archive Network Forum, Western Regional Storage Trust, HathiTrust, and SCELC. In 2010, he helped to plan and conduct an IMLS-funded grant to LYRASIS and partners , “Toward a Cloud Collection: Designing a National Framework to Manage Monographs.” He is currently Chair of the Board of Directors of K|N Consultants, home of the Open Access Network. He holds a PhD from Stanford University and an MLIS from the University of California, Berkeley.

OA Interest: Kieft comes to an interest in open access publishing from his position as a library director with institutional concerns both for controlling materials budgets and gaining access for students and faculty to the widest possible range of scholarly materials. His interest also proceeds from an ethical concern for broadening access to scholarly material more generally. He helped to review early stages of the OAN whitepaper on large-scale institutional support for open access publishing by scholarly societies in the humanities and social sciences and joined the Board of K\N Consultants in 2014. During the November 2016 Charleston Conference, he and colleagues conducted sessions on why libraries choose to support the OA projects they do and OA publishing support as a collection development strategy.


Mary Rose Muccie portrait

MARY ROSE MUCCIE (@MRMuccie) - livestream panelist

Bio: Mary Rose Muccie is Executive Director, Temple University Press, and Scholarly Communications Officer, Temple University Libraries. She oversees the Press publishing program of 2 journals and approximately 45 titles annually in the humanities and social sciences, including in political science, urban studies, gender studies, Asian American and ethnic studies, and sociology, as well as titles on Philadelphia and the surrounding region.  As Scholarly Communications Officer, she works with library colleagues on the development of a suite of scholarly communications activities, including creation of and support for student- and faculty-published OA journals and the development of OA and publishing-related resources. Prior to coming to Temple, she was Director of the Current Scholarship Program at JSTOR, Director of Project MUSE, and Publisher at the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.

OA Focus: As Press Director, I’m particularly interested in the implementation of collaborative OA programs that support the goals and meet the needs of small presses and their authors and that work for long-form scholarship in the humanities and qualitative social sciences.  These are likely to include new publishing partnerships and funding models based on university administration or library support rather than author charges. For example, we have had titles included in all three rounds of Knowledge Unlatched (round-3 unlatching yet to come), which has thus far been a positive experience for us and the authors.  On the library side, I and the first joint Press-Library staff member are creating a program that leverages the expertise of both organizations to support OA projects. We proposed and assisted students with the creation and launch of an OA undergraduate research journal, now accepting submissions, and are in conversations with faculty on two possible OA journals. It’s my goal to involve Press staff in the development of open textbooks created under the Library’s open textbook program and to integrate library and press staff when consulting with faculty regarding less restrictive publishing options.


Williams Nwagwu portrait

WILLIAMS NWAGWU (@Dedewillie)  - livestream panelist

Bio: I am a Senior lecturer at the Africa Regional Centre for Information Science, University of Ibadan, Nigeria and a Visiting professor, Department of Information Science, University of South Africa. Currently on leave of absence and is the Head of Documentation and Information Centre of CODESRIA, overseeing the Library, Information Technologies, Communication and Membership Services. I hold a PhD in Information Science with specialty in Informetrics, Science/Scholarly Communication, and I teach and research other aspects of the information science field. I have authored over 80 papers in accredited sources, and a regular conference speaker.

OA Focus: The open access terrain in Africa is uneven; there is a high level of activities in some communities and relatively low to none in others. At the Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, I am leading the team that is focusing on expanding the reach of awareness and consciousness about the significance of open access publishing to scholarly papers. We are also doing capacity building in higher educational and public institutional levels and advocating for the inserting of open access issues in public policy agenda in African countries. These activities are executed within a Declaration whose acceptance is spreading in the continent. Presently we are investing on popularising the implementation of the Declaration. We are also presently involved on how to successfully flip the 14 journals in our stable to open access, and also providing support for other organisations to do so.


Musa Olaka portrait

MUSA OLAKA (@musaolaka)  - livestream respondent

Bio: Musa Wakhungu Olaka is a Librarian for African, Global and International Studies at University of Kansas. He previously worked as a librarian for the Holocaust and Genocide Studies Center at University of South Florida before becoming the Assistant Library Director & Head of Information Services at Southeast Missouri State University. He holds a Ph.D. in Information Science and Learning Technologies from University of Missouri and previously worked as a librarian and as a teacher in Kenya before proceeding to Rwanda where he worked for 6 years. In 2003, he was able to use OJS to publish the first open access journal at Kigali Institute of Education in Rwanda. In 2012, he was instrumental in making Genocide Studies and Prevention: An International Journal, which is the official journal of the International Association of Genocide Scholar (IAGS) to migrate from closed access to open access. In addition, he has been playing a major role in the Journal of African Conflicts and Peace Studies to become an open access journal and has been instrumental in managing it. His research interests include: African Studies, Information Policy, Human information Behavior, Library and Information Science Education, and Genocide Studies.


Rosario Rogel-Salazar portrait

ROSARIO ROGEL-SALAZAR (@rosariorogel) - livestream respondent

Bio & OA Focus: Ms. Rogel-Salazar is a sociologist, with a doctorate in Social Sciences. Dr. Rogel-Salazar specialization is in the area of social systems theory.  Dr. Rogel-Salazar specialties include editorial scientific processes, open access and communication for scientific themes related to various publications, books, and specialize scientific journals. Dr. Rogel-Salazar is currently a professor of political and social sciences at the Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México. In addition, Dr. Rogel-Salazar is a member of the Sistema Nacional de Investigadores (Conacyt, Mexico).  She has collaborated in the development of current methods of evaluation of academic publications, such as the current law for open access in México, approved by the Mexican federal government in May of 2014. Dr. Rogel-Salazar is currently a member of the Editorial Board of the Colegio de la Frontera Norte and Universidad Juárez Autónoma de Tabasco. Since its foundation Dr. Rogel-Salazar coordinates the Red Iberoamericana de Editores de Revistas de Estudios Territoriales RIER. Besides that, she is consultant to the editorial board of www.scientificomm.info.​


Charlotte Roh portrait

CHARLOTTE ROH (@charlotterock) - livestream respondent

Bio: Charlotte Roh is the Scholarly Communications Librarian at the University of San Francisco, located in the heart of San Francisco next to Golden Gate Park. She is still fairly new to librarianship, with a previous career in academic and educational publishing. She works at the intersection of scholarly communication and social justice, specifically in library publishing, open education resources, copyright and fair use, author rights, and institutional repositories.

OA Focus: By definition, the open access community (and movement) aspires to make things openly and freely available to the public, that research may be available as a public good. In disrupting cost as a major barrier, the open access movement has been a part of the disruption of the scholarly communication as whole – from library publishing to peer review to data as publication. But in creating new ways to make research open access, are we (as librarians, publishers, scholars, and activists), simply replicating the existing colonial structures that disadvantage communities? In my work, I examine the intersection of scholarly communication and social justice, both broadly (with colleagues Emily Drabinski and Harrison Inefuku) and specifically in how the demographics of academic publishing and tenured faculty are complicit in the misrepresentation of academic output. I am fortunate to have found support amongst my colleagues at the University of San Francisco, a Jesuit university committed to the pursuit of social justice equity and inclusion.


Brian Rosenblum portrait

BRIAN ROSENBLUM (@blros) - livestream respondent

Bio & OA Involvement: Brian Rosenblum is Scholarly Digital Initiatives Librarian at the University of Kansas Libraries, where he has administrative, production and outreach responsibilities in support of a variety of digital initiatives and publishing services, and is co-director of KU's Institute for Digital Research in the Humanities. Prior to joining KU Libraries' digital initiatives program in 2005 Brian worked at the Scholarly Publishing Office at the University Library, University of Michigan (now Michigan Publishing: http://www.publishing.umich.edu/), where he helped develop numerous electronic journals and digital scholarly projects.



Michael Roy portrait

MICHAEL ROY (@michaeldroy) - livestream panelist

Bio: Michael Roy serves as the Dean of the Middlebury College library, which in collaboration with various campus partners provides library and academic technology services for Middlebury's undergraduate college, as well as for the Bread Loaf School of English, summer Language Schools, and the Middlebury Institute for International Studies at Monterery. Current initiatives within the library include implementing a new repository in support of a newly approved Open Access policy, re-thinking Information Literacy, and identifying strategies for sustaining new modes of faculty and student research, particularly in the digital humanities and high performance computing. Roy serves as the founding chair of the Oversight Committee of the Lever Press, a recently launched Open Access monograph press.

OA Focus: I am the founding chair of the Oversight Committee of the Lever Press (http://leverpress.org) a recently formed open access monograph press. Conceived through the initiative of the Oberlin Group, a consortium of eighty liberal arts colleges across the nation, the Lever Press is made possible by funding commitments from more than forty college and university libraries within and beyond Oberlin’s membership, in partnership with Amherst College Press and Michigan Publishing. I am also in the early stages of considering how we use of the lessons learned in the formation of the Lever Press to engage the OER movement, with a particular emphasis on how we might bend the student textbook cost curve.


Ralf Schimmer portrait

RALF SCHIMMER  - livestream panelist

Bio: As Deputy Director of the Max Planck Digital Library, Dr Ralf Schimmer is responsible for the electronic resources licensing program for the entire Max Planck Society and for a broad range of Open Access and other information services. He is a frequent co-organizer of the Berlin conferences on Open Access since 2003 and manages the Open Access publication charge agreements of the Max Planck Society. Currently, he serves as the chair of the Governing Council of SCOAP3 (Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics), on the Board of Directors of Knowledge Unlatched GmbH, and as project manager of ‘OA2020’, the Max Planck initiated Open Access transformation initiative.

OA Focus: The Max Planck Society is widely known as an active promoter of Open Access. As initiator of the Berlin Declaration and co-host of the annual follow-up conferences, the Max Planck Society has established a widely visible forum for ongoing OA discourse. At the same time the Society has a strong track record of practical OA implementations. With the Living Reviews in Relativity and eLife the Max Planck Society has demonstrated its commitment to new forms of scholarly communication. Another area of sustained interest is the exploration of new ways of organizing and financing OA related services, for instance through cooperative models such as SCOAP3 or Knowledge Unlatched. As early as in 2005, the Max Planck Society established a publication fund as part of the general library acquisition budget. From this time on we have been monitoring our publishing output very closely and investing our energies in establishing the workflows that are needed to operate the various OA services smoothly and efficiently. This emphasis led to the establishment of the ESAC initiative in 2014 and our engagement in the INTACT project since late 2015. Based on the data analyses in our White Paper, we have been trying for the past year to make the case that the large spending that goes into the subscription journals must be used and redirected in order to demand and pay for OA publishing services. The notion that the current acquisition budget is the ultimate reservoir for a large-scale shift to OA, together with the empirical validation that there is already enough money in the system, is at the core of the OA2020 Initiative, launched in March 2016.


Kathleen Shearer portrait

KATHLEEN SHEARER (@KathleeShearer) - livestream panelist

Bio & OA Focus: Kathleen Shearer is the Executive Director of the Confederation of Open Access Repositories (COAR). COAR is an international association of repository initiatives launched in October 2009, with a membership of over 120 institutions worldwide from 36 countries in 5 continents. COAR’s mission is to promote greater visibility and application of research through global networks of open access repositories. The vision is to move towards a widely distributed infrastructure for scholarly communication based at research institutions and universities around the world. This system can evolve by leveraging the nearly ubiquitous deployment of repositories across the world, on top of which layers of value added services can be adopted, thereby transforming the system, making it more research-centric, open to and supportive of innovation, while also collectively managed by the scholarly community. Shearer also works as a consultant in the area of open access and research data management for the Canadian Association of Research Libraries (CARL); she is a strategic consultant with the US-based Association of Research Libraries (ARL); and works for Research Data Canada. Most recently, she has been named as a member of the CASRAI Executive Board.


David Shulenburger portrait

DAVID SHULENBURGER  - livestream panelist

Bio: David Shulenburger is senior fellow of the Association of Public and Land-grant Universities. For five years prior to assuming senior status, he served as APLU’s first Vice President for Academic Affairs. His areas of concentration there were on accountability and assessment in higher education and on the economics of higher education. Before joining APLU in June, 2006, David Shulenburger was Provost and Executive Vice Chancellor of the University of Kansas. He served there as chief academic officer for thirteen years. He came to the University in 1974 as an assistant professor and now holds the emeritus professor title. He received his Ph.D. and Masters degrees from the University of Illinois and his undergraduate degree from Lenoir Rhyne College. He previously served as a faculty member at Clemson University and as a labor economist for the U.S. Department of Labor. His current research and writing focus on the economics of scholarly communications and of universities. He has been active nationally and internationally as an advocate for reform in the areas of accountability, scholarly communication and academic accreditation. Challenges to Viability and Sustainability: His path breaking work on public university economics is “Public Funding, Tuition, College Costs, and Affordability” in Precipice or Crossroads? Where America's Great Public Universities Stand and Where They Are Going Midway through Their Second Century published by SUNY Press in 2012. He was chair of the Board of Directors of the Center for Research Libraries from 2005-07 and a board member from 2000-2007, He was a member of  the College Board’s National Commission on Writing in America’s Schools and Colleges,  and currently serves as a Consulting Editor for Change Magazine. He was Chair of the National Association of State Universities and Land-Grant Colleges Council on Academic Affairs in 2000-2001, a member of the BioOne board and of the Kansas Technology Enterprise Corporation board.

OA Focus: Shulenburger’s national involvement in the OA movement began with a 1999 presentation “Moving with Dispatch to Resolve the Scholarly Communication Crisis:  From Here to NEAR,” at the Association for Research Libraries Spring meeting in 1999. In that presentation he proposed the development of an open access digital repository consisting of publications funded by federal research grants and contracts. PubMed Central’s founding was based in part on the ideas included in that presentation. Since then he has been an active participant and speaker on OA matters throughout the US, Canada, Europe and Asia. He served on the founding Board of Directors for Bio-One. He was an active collaborator in the development of SHARE, a higher education initiative whose mission is to maximize research impact by making research more widely accessible, discoverable, and reusable. From 2014 to 2015 he was a member of the National Academic of Science Forum on Open Science. Most recently he presented a paper to ARL’s 2016 annual meeting entitled “Substituting APCs for Subscriptions: The Cure is Worse than the Disease” which raised concern about a recent proposal to shift the ways scholarly communications is funded from Subscriptions to Article Processing Charges. Generally, his interest is in assuring that all scholarly research ultimately is available, for free, and accessible by all.


Kevin L. Smith portrait

KEVIN L. SMITH (@KULibDean) - livestream moderator

Bio: Kevin Smith became the Dean of Libraries at the University of Kansas in May 2016, after 10 years as Director of Copyright and Scholarly Communications at the Duke University Libraries.  As both a librarian and a lawyer specializing in intellectual property issues, Smith’s role at Duke was to advise faculty, staff, and students about the impact of copyright, licensing, and the changing nature of scholarly publishing on higher education.  Prior to that, Smith was director of the Pilgrim Library at Defiance College in Ohio, where he also taught constitutional law.  His teaching experience is various, having taught courses in theology, law, and library science.  Smith is the author of numerous articles on the impact of copyright law and the internet on scholarly research as well as libraries’ role in the academy.  He has been a highly regarded blogger on these issues for many years, and in 2013 published Owning and Using Scholarship: An IP Handbook for Teachers and Researchers with the Association of College and Research Libraries. Smith holds a B.A. from Hamilton College in Clinton, N.Y., an M.A. from Yale Divinity School, an M.L.S. from Kent State University, and a J.D. from Capital University.  He did doctoral work in theology and literature at the University of Chicago. Smith has been admitted to the bar in Ohio and North Carolina.


John Willinsky portrait

JOHN WILLINSKY (@JohnWillinsky) - livestream panelist

Bio: John Willinsky is Khosla Family Professor of Education and Director of the Program in Science, Technology, and Society at Stanford University, as well as Professor (Part-Time) of Publishing Studies at Simon Fraser University. He directs the Public Knowledge Project, which conducts research and develops open source scholarly publishing software in support of greater access to knowledge. His books include the Empire of Words: The Reign of the OED (Princeton, 1994); Learning to Divide the World: Education at Empire’s End (Minnesota, 1998); Technologies of Knowing (Beacon 2000); and The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship (MIT Press, 2006) and Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke (Chicago, in press).

OA Focus: In 1998, I founded the Public Knowledge Project (PKP) with the goal of helping peer-reviewed journals move online in a sustainable and freely available form for the use of scholars, professionals, and the public. The PKP team developed the open source (free) software known as Open Journal Systems (OJS), which is now being used by over 10,000 active journals to manage and publish peer-reviewed content, with the majority in the global south. At the same time, I and others involved in PKP have conducted research into the impact of open access publishing models by conducting studies on its influence on Wikipedia, education, public use, physician care, public health staff, and other areas, leading, in my case, to two books on this theme, The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship (MIT Press, 2006) and, looking at the historical precedents for this access principle, The Intellectual Properties of Learning: A Prehistory from Saint Jerome to John Locke (University of Chicago Press, in press). My interests in open access are based on what I understand to be the human right to know, in areas such as research and scholarship. I see this principle as a natural extension of my work as an educator committed to creating educational opportunities.



If you have questions or comments, please contact the symposium planners Ada Emmett, Rebecca Kennison, and Bob Kieft at lib_oscc@ku.edu.

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